Sri Isopanisad

by His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

		om purnam adah purnam idam 
		  purnat purnam udacyate 
		purnasya purnam adaya 
		  purnam evavasisyate 
om-the Complete Whole; purnam-perfectly complete;  
adah-that; purnam-perfectly complete;  
idam-this phenomenal world; purnat-from the  
all-perfect; purnam-complete unit; udacyate-is  
produced; purnasya-of the Complete Whole;  
purnam-completely, all; adaya-having been taken  
away; purnam-the complete balance; eva-even;  
evasisyate-is remaining. 
The Personality of Godhead is perfect and complete, and because  
He is completely perfect, all emanations from Him, such as this  
phenomenal world, are perfectly equipped as complete wholes.   
Whatever is produced of the Complete Whole is also complete in  
itself.  Because He is the Complete Whole, even though so many  
complete units emanate from Him, He remains the complete  
The Complete Whole, or the Supreme Absolute Truth, is the  
complete Personality of Godhead.  Realization of impersonal  
Brahman or of Paramatma, the Supersoul, is incomplete realization  
of the Absolute Complete.  The Supreme Personality of Godhead is  
sac-cid-ananda-vigraha.  Realization of impersonal  
Brahman is realization of His sat feature, or His aspect  
of eternity, and Paramatma realization is realization of His  
sat and cit features, His aspects of eternity and  
knowledge.  But realization of the Personality of Godhead is  
realization of all the transcendental features - sat, cit  
and ananda, bliss.  When one realizes the Supreme Person,  
he realizes these aspects of the Absolute Truth in their  
completeness.  Vigraha means "form."  Thus the Complete  
Whole is not formless.  If He were formless, or if He were less  
than His creation in any other way, He could not be complete.   
The Complete Whole must contain everything both within and  
beyond our experience; otherwise He cannot be complete. 
The Complete Whole, the Personality of Godhead, has immense  
potencies, all of which are as He is.  Thus this phenomenal  
world is also complete in itself.  The twenty-four elements of  
which this material universe is a temporary manifestation are  
arranged to produce everything necessary for the maintenance and  
subsistence of this universe.  No other unit in the universe  
need make an extraneous effort to try to maintain the universe.   
The universe functions on its own time scale, which is fixed by  
the energy of the Complete Whole, and when that schedule is  
completed, this temporary manifestation will be annihilated by  
the complete arrangement of the Complete Whole. 
All facilities are given to the small complete units (namely the  
living beings) to enable them to realize the Complete Whole.   
All forms of incompleteness are experienced due to incomplete  
knowledge of the Complete Whole.  The human form of life is a  
complete manifestation of the consciousness of the living being,  
and it is obtained after evolving through 8,400,000 species of  
life in the cycle of birth and death.  If in this human life of  
full consciousness the living entity does not realize his  
completeness in relation to the Complete Whole, he loses the  
chance to realize his completeness and is again put into the  
evolutionary cycle by the law of material nature. 
Because we do not know that there is a complete arrangement in  
nature for our maintenance, we make efforts to utilize the  
resources of nature to create a so-called complete life of sense  
enjoyment.  Because the living entity cannot enjoy the life of  
the senses without being dovetailed with the Complete Whole, the  
misleading life of sense enjoyment is illusion.  The hand of a  
body is a complete body.  When the hand is severed from the  
body, it may appear like a hand, but it actually has none of the  
potencies of a hand.  Similarly, living beings are part and  
parcel of the Complete Whole, and if they are severed from the  
Complete Whole, the illusory representation of completeness  
cannot fully satisfy them. 
The completeness of human life can be realized only when one  
engages in the service of the Complete Whole.  All services in  
this world - whether social, political, communal, international  
or even interplanetary - will remain incomplete until they are  
dovetailed with the Complete Whole.  When everything is  
dovetailed with the Complete Whole, the attached parts and  
parcels also become complete in themselves.